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    The History and Types of Roulette

    The French mathematician Blaise Pascal, inspired by his captivation with perpetually moving devices, invented the first form of roulette during the 17th century in France. The "0" was added to the wheel of roulette by Frenchman Francois and Louis Blanc in 1842 to increase house odds.

    The early 1800's saw the arrival of roulette in the United States and once again a second zero, "00" was added to increase house odds, although early forms of American roulette changed the double zero to an American Eagle. As it spread all over Europe and the United States around the 1800's, it became one of the more renowned casino games.

    Some call it the "King of Casino Games," possibly because it was related to the glamour of Monte Carlo where the first casino was established by Francois Blanc. A legend exists about Fran´┐Żois Blanc, who was believed to have made a deal with the devil to acquire the secrets of roulette. The legend goes that if all the numbers of roulette (1 to 36) was added up, it would result to "666," the "Number of the Beast" representing the devil.

    Types of Roulette

    Roulette can be classified into two types, American and european roulette. The distinction between the two types lies on the number of 0's on the wheel. In American roulette, the wheels have two "0's", zero and double-zero, resulting to an increase in the house advantage to 5.3%. Only one zero is present in European roulette giving a house advantage of 2.7%.

    Another difference in the two versions is the variation in chips use. The so-called "non-value" chips are used in American roulette. This means that chips possessed by similar player have the same value determined at purchase time, and that player bets on the chips at the roulette table. Standard casino chips with different values are used by European roulette as bets, which creates confusion for both the croupier and the players.

    A conventional European roulette table is also much larger than an American roulette table, and the croupier makes use of a long tool called rake in order to clear out the chips and to disseminate the winnings. In American roulette, chip distribution and croupier collection is done by hand.

    A third type of roulette wheel is actually in use which is a mixture of the European and American roulette wheels. This type of wheel is the only wheel accepted in the United Kingdom. It is of American layout and one zero. When in use in the United States, it is generally this type.

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